What can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear
Ensuring your tyres don’t give up on you can often be prevented by manual factors you can control. But what can cause a tyre to wear excessively? Learn the do’s and don’ts of tyre wear today.
What causes uneven tyre wear?
There’s no hard-set rule about how and when your vehicle’s tyres will experience wearing. This often depends on the type of tyre, but also the driving style of the vehicle owner. However, there are some factors that can cause a tyre to wear excessively to watch out for:
- Improper inflation pressure – ensuring your tyres are inflated to the correct pressure is important to your tyre’s life, and also to your safety on-road.
- Over inflation: this can cause wear to the middle section of the tyre as the contact between the road and the tyre is directed solely to the middle of the tyre due to over inflation.
- Under inflation: if your tyre is under-inflated, this means the outsides of the tyres are likely to wear. This is because the tyre is not inflated to its recommended pressure and the outsides of the tyres dip to meet the road.
- Correct inflation: the correct pressure for your tyre will be labelled in your vehicle handbook. In new vehicles, the tyre pressure for each tyre will often be on the driver’s side of the door.
- Wheel alignment – if your wheels are not aligned correctly, there’s a high chance this will have an impact on your tyre’s wear. This refers to when the angles of your tyres are not positioned correctly to the contact with the road in accordance with the vehicle manufacture’s specifications.
Signs your wheels are not aligned correctly include:
- Dragging or pulling to one side – if you keep your steering wheel straight and your car pulls to one side, this could mean your wheels are not aligned correctly.
- Steering wheel vibration – in some vehicles, the steering wheel can vibrate indicating wheel alignment is incorrect.
- Visible tyre wear – when looking at your tyres, you may be able to see visible wear from badly aligned wheels.
- Driving style – it’s important to remember that individual driving style can cause tyre wear to occur. To minimise your tyre’s wear, ensure to avoid:
- Driving over potholes in the road – sometimes unavoidable, but continual driving over potholes can set your wheels out of alignment which will affect your tyre wear.
- Hitting kerbs – that accidental knock over the kerb can cause problems with your wheels and tyres, so try to avoid it when possible.
- Sharp turns and reckless driving – steering your car around corners without really slowing down can put added pressure onto your tyres and create tyre wear.